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- Pyrgos Village
Pyrgos is situated 8 km southeast of Fira. The village was built on the top of a hill and present an incredible panoramic view of the whole island.
This village of Santorini has a population of 500 inhabitants, and used to be the capital of the island until the early 1800s, The village is formed by traditional houses built all around the Venetian castle, and the small streets follow the shape of the hill.
The village has many churches: the church of Theotokaki with its beautiful frescoes and old icons; Agia Triada, the churches of Agia Theodosia; Metamorphosi tou Sotira (Transfiguration of the Saviour); Agios Nikolaos; Eisodia tis Theotokou (Presentation of the Virgin Mary) and the Archangel Michael.
The most famous church of the island of Santorini is also located in the area: Monastery of Prophitis Ilias four kilometres away from Pyrgos. A small collection of ethnographic material and old icons can be admired in this monastery.
Pyrgos is a typical Fortress Settlement of the Cyclades. On the hilltop you can find ruins of Kasteli Castle, one of the five 'Kastelia' on the island. It became the capital of Santorini after the abandonment of Skaros Castle in the mid 18th century, and before Fira, which is the capital of Santorini today. There is a memorial plaque near the entrance to the castle, commemorating those who died in the Second World War