|Santorini Volcano History
The creation of Santorini in an amazing video
An excellent video demonstrates step by step the formation of the island of Santorini from the period when it was a circular island until today. The country that hangs on the rocks and the creation of the island that resulted from earthquakes and eruptions from 4 different volcanoes are presented in the video of Nikos Korakakis based on studies and scientific research. The geomorphological changes that took place over the centuries gave the island its current form.
Santorini or Thira, has 3 very active volcanoes, The New burn Island, and the old burn Island which is in from of the capital of Santorini Fira in the middle of the ocean, The name of the third is Columbus and is in the area of Oia Village. The destructive volcanic eruption of Thira has become the most famous single event in the Aegean before the fall of Troy. The eruption would likely have caused a considerable climate change for the eastern Mediterranean region. It was one of the hugest volcanic eruptions on Earth in the last few thousand years. When the volcano erupted, about 1650 BC, it is said to have produced tidal waves in excess of 200 metres which were sent hitting the northern coast of Crete, causing a violent devastation. Earthquakes were activated and the ash and debris obstructed the skies. It is not long after that the Minoan civilization, once rulers of the seas, disappeared.
After the eruption, all that remained of round Santorini was the horse-shoe shaped island we know today. The island was covered in a layer of volcanic ash 30-40 metres deep. Eruptions persisted in the 3rd century BC when the island of Therasia was severed from Santorini, and in the 2nd century BC when the volcanic islet Palaia Kameni began to appear in the bay. In 1707, eruptions caused Nea Kameni to appear. Mild vibrations are often felt on the island, but in 1950 a severe earthquake produced considerable devestation in Fira and Oia, and many of the houses along the cliffs were destroyed.
New archaeological discoveries by a team of international scientists in 2006 have showed that the Santorini event was much more massive than previously thought. It expelled 61 cubic kilometres of magma and rock into Earth’s atmosphere contrasted to previous estimates of only 39 cubic kilometres in 1991. Only the Mount Tambora volcanic eruption of 1815 (and possibly the eruption at Lake Taupo of 181 CE) released more material into the atmosphere in the past 5,000 years — at an estimated 100 cubic kilometres.
You can still see evidence of this today, but in many places it has added to the interesting maze of architecture that retains to the cliff face. The amazing dry climate and continuous sunshine create year around conditions which are perfect for watching, photographs and videos under an extraordinary variety of natural lights and colours that give the visitor the exceptional advantage of reaching the interior of the volcano by boat.
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|How old is Santorini Volcano
Santorini, an island of Cyclades, is an Aegean volcanic island arc (75,79 sq. km; 11400 inhab.) surfaced in the prehistoric age. Nowadays it is just the eastern edge of an ancient crater sunk into the sea about 2000 years BC, after an explosive eruption of the Volcano
When did the volcano in Santorini last erupt?
The last eruption took place in an phreatic eruption on Nea Kameni island in 1950. Santorini’s volcanic activity during the past 2-500,000 years has been dominated by very large explosive eruptions at intervals of few tens of thousands of years.
|Is Santorini built on a volcano?
Although dormant, Santorini is an active volcano. Numerous minor and medium-sized, mainly effusive, eruptions have built the dark-colored lava shields of Nea and Palea Kameni inside the caldera. Their last eruption was in 1950, and now only fumarolic activity, primarily inside the recently active craters, takes place.
Is Nea Kameni active?
Nea Kameni is a small uninhabited Greek island of volcanic origin located in the Aegean Sea, within the flooded Santorini caldera and yes is very active
|Is Santorini going to erupt again?
Problably not very soon. At the moment (end of Jan 2012), there are some (still minor) signs that the volcano of Santorini could wake up in a medium future (months to years). … It is quite certain, though, that the volcano will erupt in the future again, because it is an active volcano and far from extinct.
Is Santorini dangerous?
One of the biggest dangers in Santorini is traffic. In peak season, the winding roads are packed with busses, vehicles and ATV’s trying to get around the island. There are little to no sidewalks throughout most of the streets so you add tourists hauling suitcases uphill, to the commotion
What killed the Minoans?
Evidence suggests that the Minoans disappeared so suddenly because of the massive volcanic eruption in the Santorini Islands. … We know now that the Santorini eruption and the collapse of the volcanic cone into the sea caused tsunamis which devastated the coasts of Crete and other Minoan coastal towns.
|How expensive is Santorini?
Santorini is not expensive if you know where to stay and where to eat and drink. Most of the hotels and restaurants over looking the Volcano and the sunset by Caldera side is very expensive, of course the view and the service is the best of all country of Greece and that is why is more expensive leaving and dining on the west side of Santorini. ( you pay extra for the location )
The average hotel per night in Santorini is 150 Euros but it is possible to stay in Santorini on a budget; just follow these five key pieces of money-saving advice.
Best Time to Visit Santorini: The off-season and shoulder season months of March, April, and early May and October and November see the mildest temperatures and the lowest prices. Flights from Athens to Santorini on a budget airline such as Aegean Air reach 120 euros (or about $130 USD) in July but are only 65 euros (or $70 USD) in October which is almost the half price. The same way the hotels prices goes, in the hight season is very expensive and on the low season thar I have mention above is half of price. See more
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